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United States Wars, News and Casualties

United States Wars, News and Casualties

War News

VICE: White House acknowledges the U.S. is at war in seven countries

“It is important to remember that terrorism is a tactic, and we’ve been devising a strategy to counteract a tactic, while failing to address many of the reasons why the tactic is used in the first place.”

by Alexa Liautaud

The U.S. is officially fighting wars in seven countries, including Libya and Niger, according to an unclassified White House report sent to Congress this week and obtained by the New York Times.

Known officially as the “Report on the Legal and Policy Frameworks Guiding the United States’ Military Force and Related National Security Operations,” the document is part of a new requirement outlined in the 2018 defense spending bill. The White House is already required to update Congress every six months on where the U.S. is using military force.

READ: More bombs, more boots, more casualties: Trump’s first year a commander-in-chief

The new report comes at a time when the Pentagon has expanded its war authority in several active conflicts while adopting an increasingly secretive approach, and is likely to raise new and old concerns around the constitutionality of executive war-making privileges put in place after September 11, 2001.

Here’s what you need to know.

Where is the U.S. at war?

Though President Donald Trump campaigned on a more isolationist foreign policy platform, he’s largely expanded or reinvigorated his predecessor’s conflicts in Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, Yemen, Somalia, Libya, and Niger. The report gives the clearest indication to date of America’s most pressing military conflicts under Trump, largely detailing an uptick in direct and indirect combat, as well as “advise and assist” operations across all regions.

In Afghanistan, the U.S. continues its 16-year-long battle against the Taliban, the Haqqani network, Al Qaeda, and the Islamic State. Trump announced a new strategy last summer that centered on boosting the troop count and greatly increasing airstrikes. In Iraq and Syria, the U.S. saw major gains against the Islamic State, clearing 98 percent of territory once held by the terrorist organization, though not without heavy civilian casualties in cities like Mosul and Raqqa.

In Somalia, the U.S. more than doubled its use of airstrikes against Al-Qaeda offshoot Al Shabaab in 2017, and more recently has targeted Islamic State, according to the Bureau of Investigative Journalism.

The report acknowledges the U.S. has conducted airstrikes against the Islamic State in Libya, but makes no mention of the small number of U.S. troops known to be operating in the country.

In Niger, the report says U.S. troops were deployed to assist Nigerian troops and ended up in two firefights with “elements assessed to be part of ISIS.” As the New York Times points out, the report also acknowledges for the first time a second firefight in Niger, beyond the Oct. 4 ambush that left four U.S. soldiers dead.

Under what authority?

The details revealed in this new report are likely to reinvigorate long-held concerns about the perceived overuse of AUMF, the sweeping post 9/11 legislation U.S. presidents have used to expanded existing wars or enter new conflicts without Congressional approval.

Rep. Barbara Lee of California and Rep. Justin Amash of Michigan have spearheaded legislation to repeal the AUMF, which they say is a “blank check for war – plain and simple,” but it so far it hasn’t been successful.

Colin Clarke, an expert on counterterrorism and insurgency at RAND, said the overuse of the AUMF is a byproduct of the expanding war on terror, which after 16 years still hasn’t addressed the underlying, ideological causes of terrorism.

“It is important to remember that terrorism is a tactic, and we’ve been devising a strategy to counteract a tactic, while failing to address many of the reasons why the tactic is used in the first place,” said Colin Clarke, an expert on counterterrorism and insurgency at RAND. “The U.S., and the West more broadly, has truly floundered when it comes to combating the narrative and countering the ideological space that allows terrorist groups to survive and in some cases, thrive.”

Cover image: A soldier from Niger escorts U.S. soldiers back to their base following an anti-Boko Haram summit in Diffa city, Niger September 3, 2015. Picture taken September 3, 2015. To match Exclusive USA-NIGER/BOKO HARAM REUTERS/Warren Strobel

NYT: U.S. and Afghan Forces Killed More Civilians Than Taliban Did, Report Finds

Mourning civilians killed in a raid last year by a C.I.A.-sponsored strike force in Khogyani, Afghanistan.

CreditCreditJim Huylebroek for The New York Times

By

KABUL, Afghanistan — For the first time since the United Nations began documenting civilian casualties in Afghanistan a decade ago, more civilians are being killed by Afghan government and American forces than by the Taliban and other insurgents, according to a report on Wednesday.

Civilian deaths attributed to pro-government forces rose in the first quarter of this year even as overall civilian casualties dropped to their lowest level in that period since 2013.

The United Nations said in its quarterly report that pro-government forces were responsible for 53 percent of civilian deaths. But insurgents were responsible for the majority — 54 percent — of all civilian casualties, which include deaths and injuries, even though the number of suicide bombings decreased compared with the same period in 2018, the report said.

During the first three months of this year, military operations escalated as both sides sought leverage in peace talks between the United States and the Taliban in Doha, Qatar. At the same time, there has been a relative lull in insurgent suicide attacks that indiscriminately kill civilians, especially in Kabul, the capital. The city has been a repeated target during the conflict, which is in its 18th year.

“It is unclear whether the decrease in civilian casualties was influenced by any measures taken by parties to the conflict to better protect civilians, or by the ongoing talks between parties to the conflict,” the United Nations report said.

The agency reported 581 civilians killed and 1,192 wounded during the first quarter, a 23 percent decrease in overall casualties compared with the same period in 2018.

Other quarterly numbers may reflect an increasing reliance on airstrikes in a war in which Afghan security forces tend to hunker down in fortified bases rather than mount aggressive assaults against Taliban fighters. When attacked, Afghan forces often call for airstrikes by the American-trained Afghan Air Force to dislodge the enemy.

Aerial operations were the third-highest cause of civilian casualties, killing 145 civilians and wounding 83 during the quarter — a 41 percent increase for those type of casualties compared with the same quarter in 2018. The report attributed almost all of those casualties to American airstrikes.

“A shocking number of civilians continue to be killed and maimed each day,” Tadamichi Yamamoto, the United Nations secretary general’s special representative for Afghanistan, said in a statement. “All parties must do more to safeguard civilians.”

The latest figures provided by the United States military show that American warplanes dropped 790 bombs and other munitions in Afghanistan in January and February. That was a slight decrease from the 847 that were dropped during the same two months in 2018.

Col. Dave Butler, a spokesman for the United States military in Afghanistan, said that the American forces “hold ourselves to the highest standards of accuracy and accountability” and “strive for precision in all of our operations.”

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NYT: Taliban Welcome Trump’s Call to Bring US Troops Home

KABUL, Afghanistan — A Taliban spokesman is apparently carefully following President Donald Trump’s comments even though the U.S. leader declared last month that the talks between an American peace envoy and the insurgents were “dead.”

Suhail Shaheen, the spokesman of the Taliban political office in Qatar, tweeted about Trump’s speech at a rally in Minneapolis, just a few hours after the event, welcoming the U.S. president’s call to bring American troops home from Afghanistan.

Shaheen said early on Friday that “Trump once again promised to withdraw forces from Afghanistan” and added that this “means that ending the occupation of Afghanistan is the American people’s choice. “

Trump told Thursday’s rally that American soldiers have been in Afghanistan almost 19 years and that “it’s time to bring them home.”

NYT: US to Hand Over to Iraq IS Members Evacuated From Syria

BAGHDAD — The U.S. will hand over to Iraqi authorities nearly 50 Islamic State members who were transferred from Syria in recent days, two Iraqi intelligence officials said Thursday.

The officials said the IS members were expected to be handed over by Friday. They spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to brief the media.

The move comes after Turkey began a military offensive into northern Syria against U.S.-backed Kurdish-led fighters of the Syrian Democratic Forces who are holding more than 10,000 IS members. Those include some 2,000 foreigners, including about 800 Europeans.

President Donald Trump said Wednesday that some of the “most dangerous” IS members had been moved, but he provided no details.

U.S. officials said Wednesday that two British militants believed to be part of an IS group that beheaded hostages and was known as “The Beatles” have been moved out of a detention center in Syria and are in American custody.

There are concerns that with the assault unfolding in northeastern Syria, the Kurdish-led forces in charge of guarding the detainees won’t be able to secure them or would divert forces to fend off against advancing Turkish forces.

Initially, Trump said before the assault began that Turkey would be responsible for all IS fighters in the area. It was not clear how that would be implemented.

The two men, El Shafee Elsheikh and Alexanda Amon Kotey, along with other British jihadis, allegedly made up the IS cell nicknamed “The Beatles” by surviving captives because of their English accents.

In 2014 and 2015, the militants held more than 20 Western hostages in Syria and tortured many of them. The group beheaded seven American, British and Japanese journalists and aid workers and a group of Syrian soldiers, boasting of the butchery in videos released to the world.

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NYT: Timeline: The Kurds, Turkey and the U.S., Allies and Enemies

Turkey’s attack on Kurdish strongholds along the Syrian border has been years in the making.

Turkish-backed opposition fighters heading to Syria on Thursday.

CreditCreditBulent Kilic/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

Turkey’s military strike on Wednesday against Kurdish fighters in northern Syria — a group long regarded as the United States’ most reliable Syrian partner in its fight against the Islamic State — has been years in the making.

To Turkey, an important American ally and NATO member, those fighters are terrorists bent on undermining the Turkish government. But for the United States, they have been dependable allies who have died fighting alongside American soldiers.

Since 2014, with the start of military action against ISIS, Kurdish fighters have done the critical work of clearing and holding territory conquered by the militants. In recent years, they have taken care of refugees and detained terrorism suspects.

In August 2014, the Islamic State launched surprise attacks in Kurdish-held areas of Iraq, forcing the Iraqi Kurdish militia known as the Peshmerga to retreat.

A number of towns fell to the Islamic State, including Sinjar, home to the Yazidi religious minority. Islamic State militants killed thousands of Yazidis, many of whom had been stranded after fleeing to the top of a mountain. Many others, including children, were captured and forced into sexual slavery.

In response, President Barack Obama ordered airstrikes in Iraq. The Syrian Kurdish militia known as the People’s Protection Units, known as the Y.P.G., also came to the aid of the Peshmerga. The militia has ties to a violent separatist movement inside Turkey known as the Kurdistan Workers’ Party, or P.K.K.

With the Kurds, the United States found a partner in its new fight against the Islamic State. The ethnic minority, who allowed women to fight on the front lines and promoted a moderate political ideology, were celebrated as loyal and fearless fighters.

FROM 2014

Today America is coming to help,” President Barack Obama said.

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BBC: Iraq protests: What’s behind the anger?

While in the past few years protests in Iraq have become common, the latest wave of unrest which has reportedly left over 100 people dead and thousands more injured could mark a dangerous turning point.

Iraqis are not simply calling for the downfall of a leader or political party. Instead, they are calling for the end of a political system which has existed since the US-led invasion toppled Saddam Hussein in 2003 – a system which, they argue, has failed them.

They specifically point to the way government appointments are made on the basis of sectarian or ethnic quotas (a system known as muhassasa), rather than on merit. Aggrieved Iraqis say this has allowed Shia, Kurdish, Sunni and other leaders to abuse public funds, enrich themselves and their followers and effectively pillage the country of its wealth with very little benefit to most citizens.

Protesters carry a wounded demonstrator in Baghdad (05/10/19)

The casualty toll has been rising despite an indefinite curfewAFP

Coming to power last year, Prime Minister Adel Abdel Mahdi’s government of technocrats promised a solution to the corruption and the gap between the elite and ordinary citizens. Almost one year in, he has proven unable and unwilling to truly push back against the political class.

nstead, he has continued to cut deals with the same elite. After all, these leaders put him in power. And without a political party, this prime minister – a compromise candidate put in place by the two biggest competing Shia-led blocs – is at the behest of the political class more than any of his predecessors.

Transformative moment

These protests have led to a particularly dangerous environment.

Some political figures who view themselves as the protectors of this system consider these protests to be existential threats. Unlike ever before in Baghdad, these leaders have turned to violence – using snipers and assassins – to target protesters and defend their system.

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NYT: Afghan War Casualty Report: October 2019

CreditCreditSayed Mustafa/EPA, via Shutterstock

 

The following report compiles all significant security incidents confirmed by New York Times reporters throughout Afghanistan from the past seven days. It is necessarily incomplete as many local officials refuse to confirm casualty information. The report includes government claims of insurgent casualty figures, but in most cases these cannot be independently verified by The Times. Similarly, the reports do not include Taliban claims for their attacks on the government unless they can be verified. Both sides routinely inflate casualty totals for their opponents.

At least 154 pro-government forces and 27 civilians were killed in Afghanistan during the past week. On Saturday, the day of the Afghan elections, nearly 200 attacks were carried out by the Taliban across the country. At least 30 people were killed and more than 200 people were wounded. The deadliest incident took place in Takhar Province, where the Taliban attacked the center of Khwaja Ghar District. Reinforcements and military aircraft were sent to the area to repel the attack. At least 30 security forces — including police officers, local police and pro-government militia members — were killed in the battle.

At least 70 pro-government forces and 11 civilians were killed in Afghanistan during the past week. The deadliest attack took place in Kunduz Province, where a Taliban Red Unit attacked a security outpost in the Telawka area of Kunduz City, the provincial capital, capturing the outpost and killing 10 soldiers. Three soldiers were missing after the attack, but the outpost was later recaptured. In Nangarhar province, 10 people, including a child, were killed when an explosion hit a shuttle bus of newly recruited soldiers in Jalalabad City, the provincial capital. Explosives had been placed in a rickshaw parked by the road. Most of those killed, plus the 27 wounded, were newly recruited soldiers.

Oct. 10 Balkh Province: one security force killed

The Taliban ambushed a convoy of security forces in the Chashma-e-Shefa area of Sholgara District, killing one member of the National Directorate of Security, Afghanistan’s intelligence agency.

Oct. 10 Sar-i-Pul Province: two soldiers killed

The Taliban attacked a military base in Qashqari village of Sar-i-Pul City, the provincial capital, killing two soldiers and wounding six others over an hour of battle. Local officials claimed that four Taliban fighters were killed and six others were wounded.

Oct. 10 Sar-i-Pul Province: one police officer killed

The Taliban attacked a local police outpost on the border of Sayyad District, killing one police officer over an hour of fighting.

Oct. 9 Laghman Province: three civilians killed

A Special Forces unit for the National Directorate of Security, Afghanistan’s intelligence agency, carried out an operation in the Qalatak area of Alingar District, killing three civilians and wounding three others.

Oct. 9 Paktika Province: three police officers killed

Three policemen were killed in their outpost in an apparent insider attack by another officer in the Merzakwal area of Sharana, the provincial capital.

Oct. 9 Ghor Province: two civilians killed

Two civilians were killed and four others were wounded when, while traveling from Kabul to the Sheniya village of Dawlat Yar District, a roadside bomb placed by the Taliban hit their vehicle. An ambulance arrived in the area to evacuate the victims, but it was also blown up by a roadside bomb, wounding the driver.

Oct. 8 Takhar Province: five pro-government militia members killed

The Taliban ambushed pro-government militia members in the Kohna Kakil area of Dasht-e-Qala District, where after Afghan security forces had just carried out an operation. Five pro-government militia members were killed and another was wounded, and the Taliban seized all of their weapons.

Oct. 8 Sar-i-Pul Province: one civilian killed

The Taliban kidnapped an election commission employee on Thursday who had been traveling from Sancharak District to Sar-i-Pul City. He was killed by the Taliban the following Tuesday morning in the village of Bashi.

Oct. 7 Nangarhar Province: nine pro-government militia members and one child killed

Ten people, including a child, were killed, and 27 others were wounded, when a shuttle bus of newly recruited soldiers in Jalalabad City exploded. The bomb was placed in a rickshaw that was parked by the road.

Oct. 7 Faryab Province: three police officers killed

The Taliban attacked the villages of Gul Dara and Sara Miasht in Pashton Kot District, capturing one of the villages and killing three police officers. Local authorities claimed that three Taliban fighters were also killed in the clash.

Oct. 7 Nangarhar Province: one soldier killed

A company commander was shot and killed by his colleague after a verbal dispute in Khogyani District, prompting a government investigation into the incident.

Oct. 7 Zabul Province: four police officers killed

The Taliban attacked security outposts in Nawbahar and Shinky Districts, killing four police officers and wounding two others. Local authorities claimed that 10 insurgent fighters were killed in the clash, and six others were wounded.

Oct. 7 Khost Province: five police officers killed

Five police officers were killed in a Taliban ambush in the Dari Kandaw area of Zazai Maidan District.

Oct. 6 Balkh Province: three pro-government militia members killed

The Taliban ambushed a pro-government militia’s commander in the Shor Bolaq area of Charkint District, attacking his vehicle using a rocket-propelled grenade. The commander and two of his bodyguards were killed in the clashes, and their weapons were seized by the Taliban.

Oct. 6 Kunduz Province: three soldiers killed

The Taliban attacked Aq Tepa area, the center of Qala-e-Zal District, killing three soldiers. Two police officers and three members of the National Directorate of Security, Afghanistan’s intelligence agency, were wounded. The insurgents were eventually pushed back by security forces, and local authorities claimed that five Taliban fighters were killed. The insurgents, however, confirmed the death of only one of their fighters.

Oct. 6 Badghis Province: one police officer killed

The Taliban attacked a security outpost in the village of Baghak in Qala-e-Naw City, the provincial capital, killing one police offices and wounding four others over four hours of battle. Later, the Afghan air force carried out a number of airstrikes, killing 35 Taliban fighters, according to local officials.

Oct. 6 Kunduz Province: two soldiers killed

A Taliban Red Unit attacked a security outpost in Ismail Qeshlaq village, where fighting continued for two hours. Two soldiers were killed and two others were wounded, and the outpost was later recaptured.

Oct. 5 Badghis Province: three police officers killed

Three police officers who were on their way to their outpost were killed in a Taliban ambush in the village of Achaka in Moqor District.

Oct. 5 Nangarhar Province: one civilian killed

One civilian was killed when a bomb attached to a vehicle went off in the Fourth District of Jalalabad City, the provincial capital. Four others were wounded, including one child.

Oct. 5 Jowzjan Province: two pro-government militia members killed

The Taliban attacked a military base in the Shah Mirza area of the highway connecting Jowzjan to Balkh province. Two pro-government militia members were killed and two were wounded along with three police officers.

Oct. 5 Balkh Province: three civilians killed

Three civilians were killed by a roadside bomb in the Bagh Awraq village of Balkh District.

Oct. 5 Ghor Province: five police officers killed

The Taliban attacked two security outposts in the villages of Abak and Pay-e-Ghar in Pasaband District, where fighting continued for nearly six hours. Five police officers were killed and five others were wounded. The Taliban captured one of the outposts in Abak, but security forces later regained control of it.

Oct. 5 Ghor Province: five police officers killed

The Taliban attacked security outposts in the Abak village of Pasaband District, where fighting continued for several hours. Three National Police officers and two local police officers were killed in the clash. Five other officers were wounded.

Oct. 4 Herat Province: two security forces killed

The Taliban attacked the district center of Obeh District, capturing a police outpost in the bazaar area. One police officer and one soldier were killed, while three officers and four soldiers were wounded in the battle. Local authorities claimed that Mullah Matin Khadem, the Taliban shadow governor in the district, and six other Taliban fighters were killed in the clashes.

Oct. 4 Kunduz Province: 10 soldiers killed

A Taliban Red Unit attacked a security outpost in the Telawka area of Kunduz City, the provincial capital, killing 10 soldiers. Three other soldiers were missing after the attack, but the outpost was later recaptured.

[Read the Afghan War Casualty Report from previous weeks.]

Reporting was contributed by the following New York Times reporters: Mujib Mashal and Jawad Sukhanyar from Kabul, Asadullah Timory from Herat, Zabihullah Ghazi from Jalalabad, Farooq Jan Mangal from Khost, Timoor Shah from Kandahar and Najim Rahim from Kunduz.

Leading To War – The Complete Film

Damn The War Criminals,

Bush,Cheney,Rice,Rumsfeld,Wolfowitz, Powell and Blair from England

These are the five lies Bush told that Ralph Nader documented to impeach him.

  • Weapons of Mass Destruction. The weapons have still not been found. Nader emphasized, “Until the 1991 Gulf War, Saddam Hussein was our government’s anti-communist ally in the Middle East. We also used him to keep Iran at bay. In so doing, in the 1980s under Reagan and the first Bush, corporations were licensed by the Department of Commerce to export the materials for chemical and biological weapons that President George W. Bush and Vice President Dick Cheney later accused him of having.” Those weapons were destroyed after the Gulf War. George W. Bush’s favorite chief weapons inspector, David Kay, after returning from Iraq and leading a large team of inspectors and spending nearly half a billion dollars told the president We were wrong. See: David Kay testimony before Senate Armed Services Committee, 2004-01-28.Tyler Drumheller, the former chief of the CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) ’s Europe division, revealed that in the fall of 2002, George W. Bush, Vice President Cheney, then-National Security Adviser Condoleezza Rice and others were told by CIA Director George Tenet that Iraq’s foreign minister — who agreed to act as a spy for the United States — had reported that Iraq had no active weapons of mass destruction program.

  • Iraq Ties to Al Qaeda. The White House made this claim even though the CIA and FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation) repeatedly told the Administration that there was no tie between Saddam Hussein and Al Qaeda. They were mortal enemies — one secular, the other fundamentalist.

  • Saddam Hussein was a Threat to the United States. In fact, Saddam was a tottering dictator, with an antiquated, fractured army of low morale and with Kurdish enemies in Northern Iraq and Shiite adversaries in the South of Iraq. He did not even control the air space over most of Iraq.

  • Saddam Hussein was a Threat to his Neighbors. In fact, Iraq was surrounded by countries with far superior military forces. Turkey, Iran and Israel were all capable of obliterating any aggressive move by the Iraqi dictator.

  • The Liberation of the Iraqi People. There are brutal dictators throughout the world, many supported over the years by Washington, whose people need liberation from their leaders. This is not a persuasive argument since for Iraq, it’s about oil. In fact, the occupation of Iraq by the United States is a magnet for increasing violence, anarchy and insurrection

 

Recent Casualties:

Color Denotes Today’s Confirmation

The Department of Defense announced the death of a soldier who was supporting Operation Freedom’s Sentinel.

Sgt. 1st Class Jeremy W. Griffin, 40, from Greenbrier, Tennessee, was killed in action Sept. 16, 2019, by small arms fire when his unit was engaged in combat operations in Wardak Province, Afghanistan. The incident is under investigation.

Griffin was assigned to 3rd Battalion, 1st Special Forces Group (Airborne), Joint Base Lewis-McChord, Washington.

DOD Identifies Army Casualties

The Department of Defense announced the death of a soldier who was supporting Operation Freedom’s Sentinel.

Sgt. 1st Class Elis A. Barreto Ortiz, 34, from Morovis, Puerto Rico, was killed in action Sept. 5, 2019, when a vehicle-borne improvised explosive device detonated near his vehicle in Kabul, Afghanistan. The incident is under investigation.

Ortiz was assigned to the 82nd Brigade Support Battalion, 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 82nd Airborne Division, Fort Bragg, North Carolina.

War Casualties By Name

Save The Children Organization

Save the Children is the world’s leading independent organisation for children and has been working with families, communities and local authorities in Iraq since 1991, leading NGOs in general relief and development programs.Save the Children is currently responding to the needs of internally displaced persons (IDP) and the Syrian refugees in Iraq, in camps and non-camp settings. Our goal is for children in Iraq to be supported in raising their voices and attaining their rights, especially the right to participate in decisions affecting their lives. They should have access to quality education, health and protection services. We are increasing access to community based services that protect, educate and improve quality of life for children. We are ensuring that there is an increased participation of boys and girls in age appropriate activities and services. We are ensuring that children benefit from government actions that create an environment of awareness and accountability to uphold child rights. We are also developing new resources and innovative practices that support our work for children and youth.In Iraq, Save the Children’s interventions include Child Protection, Education, Food Security and Livelihoods, Shelter and Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), reaching vulnerble children and families in northern and central Iraq. Save the Children’s programs are implemented through field offices in Erbil, Dohuk, Sulaymaniyah, Kirkuk and Kalar, with a country office located in Erbil.

Visit Save The Children Organization>>

 

BBC: A young face scarred by war: The impact of an air strike one year on

Jouma and his family were fleeing their home in Syria in 2018 when an air strike hit the bus they were on. Evidence indicates that Turkey carried out the air strike.

The little boy’s face was severely wounded and he was left completely blind. He was three years old at the time.

The family now live in neighbouring Lebanon and allowed the BBC’s Eloise Alanna to film them in their temporary home.

Please Never Forget

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